Tiêu chảy ở trẻ em – cha mẹ nên làm gì?

Bệnh tiêu chảy ở trẻ nhỏ phát triển trong độ tuổi từ 6 tháng đến 3 tuổi và nó thường tự khỏi khi trẻ bắt đầu đi học. Các nhà nghiên cứu nghĩ rằng uống quá nhiều đồ uống có đường , đặc biệt là những loại có hàm lượng fructose cao và sorbitol , có thể gây tiêu chảy cho trẻ mới biết đi.

tiêu chảy ở trẻ nhỏ phải làm sao

Trẻ nhỏ bị tiêu chảy có những triệu chứng nào?

  • Đại tiện phân lỏng >3 lần/ngày, mất nước nhiều dẫn đến khát nước
  • Có thể buồn nôn, ói mửa
  • Có thể bị sốt cao, ớn lại hoặc đi ngoài phân có máu.
  • Đau bụng, đầy hơi khô miệng,mắt trũng…
  • Tìm kiếm sự chăm sóc ngay lập tức

Các tác nhân khác gây ra bệnh tiêu chảy

Nhạy cảm hoặc dị ứng với một số loại thực phẩm, chẳng hạn như các sản phẩm từ sữa. Trẻ sơ sinh trẻ sơ sinh đến 1 tuổi hiếm khi không dung nạp đường sữa khi sinh. Tuy nhiên, trẻ sinh non có thể không dung nạp đường sữa trong một thời gian ngắn sau khi sinh. Mọi người đôi khi nhầm lẫn dị ứng sữa, có thể gây ra tiêu chảy ở trẻ sơ sinh, do không dung nạp đường sữa.

Ăn quá nhiều kẹo hoặc thực phẩm có đường, thực phẩm bị ô nhiễm

Do tác dụng phụ của thuốc kháng sinh

Do bệnh Crohn và viêm loét đại tràng :Những rối loạn này có thể ảnh hưởng đến trẻ em ở mọi lứa tuổi. Tuy nhiên, chúng thường bắt đầu trong những năm học hoặc ở tuổi thiếu niên.

Con bị tiêu chảy, mẹ nên làm gì?

Tiêu chảy ở trẻ em là một triệu chứng khá phổ biến, mẹ không cần thiết phải điều trị tiêu chảy cho bé bằng thuốc kháng sinh. Chúng ta chỉ cần chút ý bù nước và điện giải đúng cách (ORS) là bé có thể phục hồi sau vài ngày.

Cách pha ORS: đúng chỉ dẫn, không với nước khác chỉ với nước chín

Cách uống: từ từ cho tới khi hết khát, thường 10-20 muỗng cà phê (50-100ml) sau mỗi lần tiêu chảy. Nếu trẻ sơ sinh còn bú hãy cho trẻ bú bình thường.

Lưu ý: không được thay thế ORS bằng các loại nước trái cây, trà hay nước gạo.

Vậy khi nào cần truyền dịch: trẻ mất nước vừa nhưng không uống được, uống vào lại nôn và những trẻ mất nước nặng nhất thiết phải truyền dịch để bù nước và điện giải. Tuy nhiên, việc truyền dịch phải được tiến hành tại cơ sở y tế do bác sĩ thăm khám chỉ định và theo dõi để tránh các tai biến có thể gặp khi đang truyền.

Những trẻ mất nước nặng, ói mửa liên tục, sốt cao trên 38 độ, phát ban, đau bụng hơn 2 h, đi ngoài có máu, tiêu chảy quá ba ngày thì nên cho nhập viên để bác sỹ điều trị.

Bài viết tham khảo tại nguồn: Trẻ bị tiêu chảy – lưu ý cách xử trí và phòng ngừa – Tràng phục linh 


Kinh nghiệm chăm sóc trẻ bị tay chân miệng tại nhà

Chân tay miệng là bệnh có thể gặp ở mọi lứa tuổi nhưng thường gặp nhất ở trẻ dưới 5 tuổi, đặc biệt là nhóm dưới 3 tuổi.…

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